Raphael Santi (Raffaello Sanzio)
Biography of Raphael Santi
Works devoted to Raphael
Description of the Raphael's works
Raphael's works
Raphael paintings on stamps
Books, sites about Rafael Sanzio
Raphael Self-portrait
Raphael - Self-portrait
(Detail of the painting "Self-Portrait with a friend")

Raphael Sanzio
(Raffaello Santi)
BIRTH: on 26 (28) March 1483 in Urbino,
Provincia di Pesaro e Urbino, Marche, Italy
[or April 6/7]

DEATH: April 6, 1520 in Rome,
Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy
BURIAL: Pantheon Church, Rome, Italy

Raphael - Italian painter and architect - the representative of the High Renaissance.
From the classical clarity and sublime spirituality embodied life-affirming ideals of the Renaissance. Early works ("Madonna Conestabile", about 1502-03) imbued with grace, gentle lyricism. In the paintings of the rooms of the Vatican (1509-17) Rafael have glorified earthly human existence, the harmony of spiritual and physical strength, reaching a perfect sense of proportion, rhythm, proportion, color euphony, the unity of the figures and the majestic architectural backgrounds. Numerous images of the Mother of God ("Sistine Madonna", circa 1513), art ensembles in the paintings of the Villa Farnesina (1514-18) and the Loggia of the Vatican (1519, with the students). In the portraits created an ideal image of a man of the Renaissance ("Baldassare Castiglione", 1514-15). Designed the Cathedral of Sts. Peter built the Chigi Chapel Church of Santa Maria del Popolo (1512-20) in Rome.

 
For centuries Raphael has been recognised as the supreme High Renaissance painter, more versatile than Michelangelo and more prolific than their older contemporary Leonardo. Though he died at 37, Raphael's example as a paragon of classicism dominated the academic tradition of European painting until the mid-19th century.
Biography, life stories of Raphael Santi
Raphael biography - with engravings
Life of Raphael - by Giorgio Vasari from "Lives of the Artists"
Leben Raphael Sanzio's von Urbino - in zwölf Bildern dargestellt
   
Raphael’s private life -> "I found my Psyche"
Was Raphael Married?
Raphael’s secret love, hidden in his paintings
Art sleuth uncovers clue to secret Raphael marriage
   
DEATH -
Mysteries of Raphael’s death -> "He died like Raphael"  
Raphael, the artist killed by too much sex?  
Raphael died during sex? Myths and truth  
     
Secrets and mysteries of the Raphael's works  
Possible self-portrait by Raphael - Story of "Portrait of a Young Man"  
How many fingers on the right hand of the Pope Sixtus II?  
The mystery surrounding the Fresco "The School of Athens"  
An image processing of a Raphael's portrait of Leonardo  
     
Descriptions & analysis of the Raphael's works -> Art and stories  
Raphael's works
Click to enlarge (opens in a new window)
Sistine Madonna
Sistine Madonna
Pope Sixtus II
Pope Sixtus II
Enlarged detail
of the "Sistine Madonna"

Madonna,
holding the Christ Child

Enlarged detail
of the "Sistine Madonna"
Saint Barbara
Saint Barbara
Enlarged detail
of the "Sistine Madonna"
Sistine Cherubs
Angels
(The Sistine Cherubs)
Enlarged detail
of the "Sistine Madonna"
Self-Portrait
Self-Portrait
Self-portrait with a friend
Self-portrait with a Friend
Self-Portrait
Self-Portrait
wahrscheinlich
Probable self-portrait
Probable self-portrait drawing by Raphael in his early teens
Portrait of a Young Man
Portrait of a Young Man
Possible self-portrait by Raphael
Self Portrait of Raphael Santi
Self-portrait of Raphael
Enlarged detail of the "School of Athens"
Portrait of a Man
Portrait of a Man
Possible self-portrait by Raphael
Saint Luke Painting the Madonna
Saint Luke Painting the
Madonna and Child
in the Presence of Raphael
Bindo Altoviti
Portrait of
Ritratto di Bindo Altoviti
Portrait of a Young Man
Portrait of
a Young Man
The Three Graces
The Three Graces
La Fornarina
La Fornarina
La Velata
La Velata
Baldassare Castiglione
Portrait
of Baldassare Castiglione
The Last Supper
The Last Supper
School of Athens
The School of Athens
Who is who on the fresco?
The School of Athens
Who is who on the fresco?
Plato and Aristotle
Plato and Aristotle
Enlarged detail
of the "School of Athens"
Pythagoras
Pythagoras
and Musical Proportion

Enlarged detail
of the "School of Athens"
Bramante as Euclid
Bramante as Euclid
Enlarged detail
of the "School of Athens"
Transfiguration
Transfiguration
     
Stories, descriptions, analysis of the Raphael's works
 
 
"Sistine Madonna"
 
The Sistine Madonna by Raphael - Interpretation, Analysis of High Renaissance Religious Altarpiece Painting  
Altarpiece of the Virgin Mary and Christ Child  
The Madonna - back-story regarding the model  
The Sistine Madonna by Raphael Sanzio - personal interpretations by H.T.Bailey  
Travelling "Madonna" after World War II  
Who was Saint Barbara?  
Who was Pope Sixtus II (XYSTUS)?  
How many fingers on the right hand of the Pope Sixtus II?  
The sixth sense - about the six fingers by Paul Carus  
Cherubs in the Sistine Madonna  
Raphael’s angels are widely used detail of sublime painting  
     
 
"The School of Athens"
 
Who is who on the fresco "The School of Athens"  
Why did Raphael paint the School of Athens?  
The mystery surrounding the Fresco  
An image processing of a Raphael's portrait of Leonardo  
The Pythagorean Harmonic Scale on the fresco "The School of Athens"  
     
 
"The woman with a veil - La Donna Velata" & "Portrait of a Young Woman - La Fornarina"
 
La Velata - by Kathleen Durham  
Raphael’s secret love, hidden in his paintings  
     
 
"Portrait of a Young Man"
 
Story of "Portrait of a Young Man" (possible self-portrait by Raphael)  
Accademia Carrara in Bergamo holds a very good copy „Portrait of a Young Man“, dating from the early sixteenth century  
     
 
"Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione"
 
Baldassare Castiglione - by Ulick Peter Burke  
Works devoted to Raphael
Portrait of Raphael
Franz and Christian
von Riepenhausen
"Portrait of Raphael"
Engraving by Francois-Gedeon Reverdin
"Portrait of Raphael"
Engraving by
Francois-Gedeon Reverdin
Portrait of a Young Man
Copy after Raphael
„Portrait of a Young Man“
Portrait of Raphael
Valerio Belli
Raphael's Portrait
Raphael
J.Vasari
Portrait of Raphael
RAPHAEL SANZIO
Joachim von Sandrart
RAPHAEL SANZIO D' URBINO
Portrait of Raphael
F.H.Cole and M.Jennings
Mosaic of Raphael Sanzio
Portrait of Raphael
Antique photographic
book illustration of Raphael Sanzio
Raphael d'Urbin
Nicolas de Larmessin
Raphael d'Urbin

Imitator of Raphael
Probably portrait of Raphael
Portrait of Raphael
Wenzel Hollar
Portrait of Raphael


Raffaello
led by Father Giovanni Santi
to Perugia from Perugino

Betrothal of Raphael
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
The Betrothal of Raphael
and the Niece of Cardinal Bibbiena
Raphael in His Studio
Nicaise de Keyser
Raphael in His Studio
Raphael Resuming the Pose of His Model
Fragonard, Alexandre Evariste
Raphael Adjusting his Model's Pose
for his Painting of the Virgin
Raphael in His Studio in Florence
Adolf Henning
Raphael in His Studio
in Florence
Dante Inspires Raphael
Nicaise de Keyser
Dante Inspires Raphael
Raphael Painting Madonna of Foligno
Salvatore Postiglione
Raphael in His Studio, Painting “Madonna of Foligno”
Raphael at His Studio
François-Barthélémy-Augustin Desmoulins
Raphael at His Studio
Franz Pforr
Franz Pforr
Raphael, Fra Angelico
and Michelangelo Standing
on Clouds over Rome
Raphael and Fornarina - Raphael’s secret love
Raphael and La Fornarina
Francesco Gandolfi
Raphael and La Fornarina
Cesare Mussini Raphael
Cesare Mussini
Raphael Undressing La Fornarina
for the first time
Raphael and the Fornarina
German painter
Raffaello and Margarita Luti
Marlet - Raphael
Henri-Joseph Marlet
Raphael and La Fornarina
Keyser - Raphael
Nicaise de Keyser
Raphael and Fornarina
Raphael and the Fornarina in the works of Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Raphael and the Fornarina
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Raphael and the Fornarina
Raphael and the Baker's Daughter
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Raphael and the Baker's Daughter
Ingres and Raphael
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Raphael and the Fornarina
Study for "Raphael and the Fornarina"
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Study for
"Raphael and the Fornarina"
Study for Fornarina
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Study for
"Raphael and the Fornarina"
Raphael and La Fornarina by Sogni
Giuseppe Sogni
Raphael and La Fornarina
Heinrich Lefler - Raphael
Heinrich Lefler
Raphael and La Fornarina
Francesco Valaperta
Francesco Valaperta
Raffaello and Fornarina
Raffaello and Fornarina
Rinaldi, Antonio
Raffaello and Fornarina
Raphael painting the Fornarina
Felice Schiavoni
Raphael painting the Fornarina
Raphael et la Fornarina
Devéria
Raphaël et la Fornarina
Raphael and the Fornarina
Raphael and the Fornarina
Raphael and the Fornarina
Johann Evangelist Sheffer von Leonhardskof
Raphael and Fornarina
Raphael and La Fornarina
Samuel William Reynolds Jr.
Raphael and La Fornarina
Medallion Raphael Fornarina
Medallion sculpture
Raphael and Fornarina
Raffaello meets Fornarina
Filippo Bigioli
Raffaello meets Fornarina
in Palazzo Caprini
Romanelli Raphael with his muse Fornarina
Pasquale Romanelli
Raphael with his muse Fornarina
Vichy Raphael and Fornarina
Francesco Vichy
Raphael and Fornarina
Fornarina and Raphael
Fornarina and Raphael
Fron "Die Gartenlaube
"
 
The Death of Raphael - Raphael’s death mysteries
The Last Moments of Raphael
Henry Nelson O'Neil
The Last Moments of Raphael
Honors Rendered to Raphael
Pierre Nolasque Bergeret
Honors Rendered to Raphael
on His Deathbed
The Death of Raphael
Johannes Riepenhausen
The Death of Raphael
La morte di Raffaello
V. Bianchini after Rodolfo Morgari
La morte di Raffaello
Last Farewell of Raphael
Pietro Michis
Pope Leo X Taking
His Last Farewell of Raphael
Death of Raphael
Carl Thiel
The Death of Raphael
Death of Raphael
Niccola Ulacacci
The Death of Raphael
Felice Schiavoni - Raphael
Felice Schiavoni
The death of Raphael
Raphael's sarcophagus
Raphael's sarcophagus
Raphael's Skeleton
Raphael's Skeleton
at the Opening of his Tomb
Perpetuate the memory of Raphael
Raphael
Monument to Raffaello Sanzio,
Urbino
Raphael
Robert Bowyer
Fame crowning a bust of Raphael
tomb
Raphael and Maria Bibbiena's tomb
in the Pantheon
The opening of Raphael's grave
Francesco Diofebi
The opening of Raphael's grave
in Pantheon
Raphael
Giuseppe de Fabris
Bronze bust of Raphael at the Pantheon in Rome
Raphael as a child
Charles Rochet
"Raphael Enfant"
Raphael
Sculpture of
Raphael Sanzio
Raphael
Ernst Julius Hähnel
Raphael
Raphael
Ernst Julius Hähnel
Raphael
Raphael
Carlo Finelli
Raphael Sanzio
Raphael
Thomas Crawford
Raphael
     
Around Raphael's works
Window for the Caldwell Sisters
John La Farge
"Sistine Madonna"
Window for the Caldwell Sisters
of Newport
Baldasar Castiglione by Rembrandt
Rembrandt

Baldasar Castiglione
Raphael in the Hermitage
Loggias of Raphael
in the Hermitage
Visitors
Visitors before
the "Sistine Madonna"
by Raphael

Hans Gyenis
Fachsimpelei vor
der Sixtinischen Madonna
 
Engravings by Franz and Christian von Riepenhausen, from the book VITA DI RAFAELLE SANZIO DA URBINO, 1816
Raphael's birth
"Raphael's birth
on Good Friday in 1483"
Raphael's childhood
"From Raphael's childhood"

"Farewell Raphael by his mother
to follow his father to Perugia"

"Arrival Raphael with his teacher Pietro Vannucci (Perugino) in Perugiai"

"Raphael, accompanied by some friends, on the wandering after Citta di Castello"

"Raphael in Florenz"

"Raphael's departure from Florence"

"Pope Julius II invite Raphael"

"Raphael and Madonna with child"

"Raphael's death"
 

Raphael - original name Raffaello Santi or Sanzio. 1483–1520, Italian painter and architect, regarded as one of the greatest artists of the High Renaissance. His many paintings include the Sistine Madonna (? 1513) and the Transfiguration (unfinished, 1520).
Derived Forms: Raphaelesque (adjective) - pertaining to, or characteristic of the style of the painter Raphael.
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
Raphael - a sixteenth-century Italian painter. A contemporary of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, he is known for his beautiful and gracious Madonnas and The School of Athens (see Plato's Academy). The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition

 

Regarded by his contemporaries as an almost divine being, Raphael was par excellence the painter of harmony and grace.
In his work, which reaches the ideal expression of humanism in art, the classicism of the second Renaissance is perfect.
Raphael paintings on stamps
 
Sources: books, sites about Rafael Sanzio
 

- Marcia B. Hall (ed.): The Cambridge Companion to Raphael, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2005
-
Dussler, Leopold. Raphael: A Critical Catalogue of his Pictures, Wall-Paintings and Tapestries. London and New York: Phaidon, 1971.
- Jimenez, Jill Berk, ed. Dictionary of Artists' Models. London and Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2001.
- Ruland, Carl. The Works of Raphael Santi da Urbino. Windsor Castle: Royal Library, 1876.
- Scott, MacDougall. Raphael. London: George Bell & Sons, 1902.
- Girardi, Monica, Raffaello. La ricerca della perfezione e la tenerezza della natura (1999) Ed. Associati.
- Thoenes, Christof, Raphael (2005) Ed. Taschen.
- Roger Jones and Nicholas Penny, Raphael, Yale, 1983,
- Shearman, John; Raphael in Early Modern Sources 1483-1602, 2003, Yale University Press.
- Juergen M. Lehmann. RAPHAEL, The Holy Family with the Lamb of 1504 -The Original and its Variants. Landshut 1995.
- Luitpold Dussler. RAPHAEL - A Critical Catalogue of his Pictures, Wall-Paintings and Tapestries. London and New York 1971.
- The Cambridge companion to Raphael. Marcia B Hall. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
- Raphael. Biography.com. Brief account of life and work.
- Raphael: the Complete Works. RaphaelSanzio. Excellent slide gallery.
- rawings by Raffaello. Web Gallery of Art. Introduction and an excellent selection of work.
- Raphael. Wikipedia. Detailed account covering individual works, influence and developing reputation.
- Raffaello, presentato da Mchele Prisco, Milano, Rizzoli Editore, 1966.
- Raffaello Sanzio, presentato da M.G. Ciardi Dupré, Milano, Fratelli Fabbri Editore, 1963.
- Cecil Gould, The Sixteenth Century Italian Schools, National Gallery Catalogues, London 1975.
- Henry Strachey, Raphael, G. Bell and Sons, London, 1911.

  - Vasari, Life of Raphael from the Lives of the Artists, edition: Artists of the Renaissance selected & ed Malcolm Bull, Penguin 1965.
- Hommage à Raphaël. Raphaël et l'art français, Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Parigi, 1983-84.
- I Nazareni a Roma, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna, De Luca, Roma, 1981, pp. 250-273.
- James H. Beck, Raphael, Harry N. Abrams, New York, 1994
 
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