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Bramante as Euclid or Archimedes

Raphael Santi
Bramante as Euclid or Archimedes with his students
on the fresco "The School of Athens"

Vaticano, Stanza della Segnatura, Rome


The important aspect of the fresco is that it is believed that Raphael included a number of his contemporaries in the painting. For example, it has been suggested that the Euclid figure is a portrait of the architect Bramante. In the right foreground, Euclid is seen holding calipers and demonstrating a theorem for a group of students. Each member of the group illustrates a different moment of coming to an understanding of the mathematician instruction their gestures and facial expressions show that each is at a different phase of the process.

The leader of the disputants is a bald old man who closely resembles the geometrician (variously identified as Euclid or Archimedes) directly
across the room in the School of Athens, whom Vasari's informants identified as Bramante. This seems to be incorrect, but may have arisen for good reason.


Donato Bramante
Donino Bramante, Donnino Bramante

Donato Bramante, Donato also spelled Donino or Donnino (born c. 1444, probably at Monte Asdrualdo, Duchy of Urbino [Italy]—died April 11, 1514, Rome) architect who introduced the High Renaissance style in architecture.

His early works in Milan included the rectory of Sant’Ambrogio and the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie.

In Rome, Bramante served as principal planner of Pope Julius II’s comprehensive project for rebuilding the city. St. Peter’s Basilica, of which he was the chief architect, was begun in 1506.
Other major Roman works were the Tempietto at San Pietro in Montorio (1502) and the Belvedere court in the Vatican (begun c. 1505).
Encyclopædia Britannica

BramanteDonato Bramante


Born: about 325 BC
Died: about 265 BC in Alexandria, Egypt

Euclid, sometimes called Euclid of Alexandria to distinguish him from Euclides of Megara, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the "father of geometry". He was active in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I (323–283 BCE).

His Elements is one of the most influential works in the history of mathematics, serving as the main textbook for teaching mathematics (especially geometry) from the time of its publication until the late 19th or early 20th century.

In the Elements, Euclid deduced the principles of what is now called Euclidean geometry from a small set of axioms. Euclid also wrote works on perspective, conic sections, spherical geometry, number theory and rigor.

Justus Van Gent (Joos Van Wassenhove)
(c. 1410 – c. 1480)
Early Netherlandish painter


Born c. 287 BC, Syracuse, Sicily, Magna Graecia
Died c. 212 BC (aged around 75), Syracuse, Sicily, Magna Graecia
Fields: Mathematics Physics Engineering Astronomy Invention
Known for: Archimedes' principle Archimedes' screw hydrostatics levers infinitesimals Neuseis constructions

Archimedes was a Greek mathematician, philosopher and inventor who wrote important works on geometry, arithmetic and mechanics.
Archimedes was born in Syracuse on the eastern coast of Sicily and educated in Alexandria in Egypt. He then returned to Syracuse, where he spent most of the rest of his life, devoting his time to research and experimentation in many fields.
In mechanics he defined the principle of the lever and is credited with inventing the compound pulley and the hydraulic screw for raising water from a lower to higher level. He is most famous for discovering the law of hydrostatics, sometimes known as 'Archimedes' principle', stating that a body immersed in fluid loses weight equal to the weight of the amount of fluid it displaces. Archimedes is supposed to have made this discovery when stepping into his bath, causing him to exclaim 'Eureka!'

During the Roman conquest of Sicily in 214 BC Archimedes worked for the state, and several of his mechanical devices were employed in the defence of Syracuse. Among the war machines attributed to him are the catapult and - perhaps legendary - a mirror system for focusing the sun's rays on the invaders' boats and igniting them. After Syracuse was captured, Archimedes was killed by a Roman soldier. It is said that he was so absorbed in his calculations he told his killer not to disturb him.

by the Italian artist Giuseppe Nogari
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